Aboriginal people did not give up

Darwin A new report suggests Aboriginal people are facing enormous pressure to lose their traditional culture in order to be successful in Australia.

Aboriginal people did not give up

Publications and podcasts The referendum β€” Fact sheet On 27 May a Federal referendum was held. The first question, referred to as the 'nexus question' was an attempt to alter the balance of numbers in the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The second question was to determine whether two references in the Australian Constitution, which discriminated against Aboriginal people, should be removed.

This fact sheet addresses the second question.

What problems do they face?

The sections of the Constitution under scrutiny were: The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives should not be counted.

As a result of the political climate, this referendum saw the highest YES vote ever recorded in a Federal referendum, with It is interesting to note that because the majority of parliamentarians supported the proposed amendment, a NO case was never formulated for presentation as part of the referendum campaign.

Copies of the YES case can be located on files identified below. The Constitution was changed, giving formal effect to the referendum result, by the Constitution Alteration Aboriginals Act No 55 ofwhich received assent on 10 August The right to vote The referendum did not give Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples the right to vote.

This right had been legislated for Commonwealth elections inwith the last State to provide Indigenous enfranchisement being Queensland in Records relating to the referendum The National Archives in Canberra holds a range of records relating to the Referendum created by the government agencies that played key roles in events surrounding the referendum.

Examples of the types of records held are listed in the table below.

The short Aboriginal History in Australia.

Examples of records relating to the referendum Cabinet Secretariat CA 3 Title or description of record Date range.Their generally poor living conditions mean that Aboriginal people have a far higher infant mortality rate and suicide rate and a lower life expectancy than the rest of the population, and they make up a disproportionate section of the prison population.

Aboriginal people did not give up their land that they had looked after for millennia without a fight. White settlers engaged in many clashes with Aboriginal people at the frontier. Fearing to be outnumbered by Aboriginal tribes some settlers escalated low-level skirmishes to the atrocities we now know as Australia's massacres of Aboriginal people.

The referendum - Fact sheet – National Archives of Australia, Australian Government

29% of Aboriginal Australians did not drink alcohol in the previous 12 months, almost double the rate of non-Aboriginal Australians. In fact, Aboriginal people are times more likely to abstain from alcohol than non-Aboriginal people. β€œThe very ink with which all history is written is merely fluid prejudice.” Mark Twain.

Since the European invasion of Australia in , the Aboriginal people have been oppressed into a world unnatural to their existence for thousands of years.

How do they live?

Aboriginal people did not give up their land that they had looked after for millennia without a fight. White settlers engaged in many clashes with Aboriginal people at the frontier.

Aboriginal people did not give up

Fearing to be outnumbered by Aboriginal tribes some settlers escalated low-level skirmishes to the atrocities we now know as Australia's massacres of Aboriginal people. The report's figures showed more than 50 per cent of respondents felt Aboriginal people were not wanted in Darwin.

Over 90 per cent said Aboriginal people were talked to like they did not matter.

Aboriginal Australians - Wikipedia