He establishes the concept that pity is an emotion that must be elicited when, through his actions, the character receives undeserved misfortune, while the emotion of fear must be felt by the audience when they contemplate that such misfortune could possibly befall themselves in similar situations. Aristotle explains such change of fortune "should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. An example of a mistake made by a tragic hero can be found in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. In the story, the character of Oedipus is given a prophecy that he will murder his own father and marry his own mother.
Other European superpowers soon followed suit and would together colonise the entire African continent except Ethiopia and Liberia. European military technology was far more advanced than their African counterpart by this point in history, which helped to make conquest a rapid process. African responses to colonialism varied across the continent and some of the more notable acts of colonial resistance were in fact Igbo the Ekumeku movementthe Anglo-Aro war He does not hesitate to criticize certain traditions of the Igbo nor does he overlook the collectivist and democratic aspects of Igbo society, allowing the reader a sensible Africanist perspective of an African society.
The various responses to European colonialism have often been grouped into two oversimplified categories of Resistance or Collaboration. I say oversimplified because African kings and chiefs often identified the relative potential advantage of each situation.
They would collaborate in some instances in order to maintain as much autonomy as possible within the confines of the colonial state, and resist in other instances with the same aim in mind.
The Resistance-Collaboration dichotomy fails to include the whole spectra of responses and becomes an ever-greater problem when attributes are fixed to these terms. Collaboration is viewed as an act of cowardice and betrayal while resistance is associated with heroism.
His fellow villagers instead choose to accept the inevitability of European rule over their people. Okonkwo becomes a symbol of the last traditional African, the British represent the inevitability of modernity and eastern Nigeria becomes the set for a clash between traditional Africa and modern Europe.
In Things Fall Apart we meet Okonkwo, a man that symbolises masculinity in a society that values traditional masculine characteristics. By portraying an archetype of Igbo masculinity as a difficult-to-sympathise-with character, Achebe undoubtedly challenges ideas of how men are supposed to be.
The first half of the novel introduces us to traditional Igbo society, its religion, traditions, laws, rituals and other social practices. Things Fall Apart has undoubtedly become one of the most influential literary demonstrations of Africa taking possession of the right to define itself.
Having sold over 8 million copies in its original language English, it has also been translated into 50 other languages. Things Fall Apart is the father of modern African literature and a must-read for those interested in getting an African account of an African society.
It also demonstrates the complexity of African thought, something that was left out of European colonial accounts. In Things Fall Apart Achebe demonstrates an alternative image to the stereotypical colonial representations of Africa.
These colonial representations continue to exist in western society today as Africa continues to be reported as a poverty-stricken, war-torn continent. African literature plays an important role in broadening the general understanding of Africa and offers an alternative view to the narrow and negative western images of the continent fed to us by media.
Things Fall Apart is an entertaining read that educates, questions and challenges preconceived ideas about Africa. If not for the story then at least for the many fantastic Igbo proverbs!This summary of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is meant as a review, not as a substitute for reading the novel.
Chapter 1: Chapter 1 introduces the novel’s protagonist Okonkwo, a wealthy and respected member of the Umuofia tribe. The protagonist of Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo is also considered a tragic hero.A tragic hero holds a position of power and prestige, chooses his course of action, possesses a tragic flaw, and gains awareness of circumstances that lead to his fall.
Learn all about how the characters in Things Fall Apart such as Okonkwo and Unoka contribute to the story and how they fit into the plot. Detailed analysis of Characters in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. Okonkwo in Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart Okonkwo, as presented by Chinua Achebe in the novel Things Fall Apart, wished to be revered by all as a man of great wealth, power and control- .
Things Fall Apart is about the tragic fall of the protagonist, Okonkwo, and the Igbo culture. Okonkwo is a respected and influential leader within the Igbo community of Umuofia in eastern Nigeria.
He first earns personal fame and distinction, and brings honor to his village, when he defeats Amalinze the Cat in a wrestling contest. Things Fall Apart is a novel written by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. Published in , its story chronicles pre-colonial life in the south-eastern part of Nigeria and the arrival of the Europeans during the late nineteenth century.