The goal of this drive for closeness is to feel safe, secure and protected. This leads to a range of proximity promoting attachment behaviours.
February 8, Exam help Comments: Follow this link here. However, comparing and contrasting is a great way to revise two areas as the best revision involves deep processing.
This task works your brain cells so much harder than simply learning the two explanations as they appear in your usual notes. Below is a table with all the most obvious comparisons and contrasts. Attachments are learned from the environment via classical and operant conditioning principles.
The theory is therefore Behavioural in origin. Humans are pre-programmed to form attachments as they promote a survival advantage. The theory is therefore Evolutionary in origin. Babies are passive in the attachment process. They simply get fed, look up and associate the removal of hunger with the person providing the food.
Babes are active in the development of attachments.
They demonstrate innate behaviours social releasers with the specific purpose of causing attachments to form. Only explains how the baby forms an attachment during the process of feeding.
Explains how the caregiver and baby form attachments with each other. Attachments are therefore reciprocal two-way as both have a wish to protect the babies genes.
Negative internal working models tend to see hostility even in neutral behaviour. Thus to change children's negative expectations of self and others requires caregivers who can sustain availability and sensitive responding in the . Children who develop their ‘internal working models’ of attachment in situations of neglect or abuse, carry the effects of these models into new placements if they are then adopted or fostered. I think that Bowlby may have caused some confusion by his use of the term, internal working model, to describe the individual’s internal representation of the world, his attachment figures, himself, and the relations between them/5(3).
Criticised for not explaining why attachments form, only how they form during feeding. Explains both how the form through proximity, consistency, social releasers and why survival.
They preferred the cloth mother whether she provided food or not. The finding that the baby monkeys later rejected their own babies is evidence for the inter-generational effect of attachment. Their internal working model was poor and did not form a good template for later relationships.
Hope this is useful for you.• Theoretically attachment causes the dev. Of a cognitive representation of the self of the primary attachment figures and expectations. - • Internal working models - based on the interaction with care taker infant learns that it loveable, emotions matter- under good circumstances.
With time, this initial division proliferates, like the spreading of cracks in a windshield. The result is an IWM that is composed of a collection of fragmentary pieces rather than being a working, cohesive system. This lays the groundwork for developing an attachment disorder.
INTERNAL WORKING MODEL OF ATTACHMENT. INTERNAL WORKING MODEL OF ATTACHMENT. By. Nugent, Pam M.S. - May 11, The cognitive construction about workings of a relationship like expectations of support and affection. Early relationships can be a template form this model.
See attachment theory. Attachment and internal working models According to attachment theory, the analysis of the SST indicates the three main forms that a child’s internal working model can take.
A child with a Type A attachment has a rather troubled attachment to her parent. The internal working models concept is the foundation for understanding how attach- ment processes operate in adult relationships, yet many questions exist about the precise nature and structure of working models.
Internal working model of attachment is a psychological approach that attempts to describe the development of mental representations, specifically the worthiness of the self and expectations of others' reactions to the self.
This model is a result of interactions with primary caregivers which become internalized, and is therefore an automatic process.