Economic history of India A woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin18th century. Up until the 18th century, Mughal Empire was the most important center of manufacturing in international trade.
The first successful modern textile mill was established in Mumbai in The warm, humid climate, port for importing machinery, availability of raw material and skilled labour resulted in rapid expansion of the industry in the region.
Humidity is very essential for textile weaving. In modern textile mills humidity is created artificially, hence now a days it is possible to establish textile mills any where in the country. The first textile mill in Ahmedabad was established in and soon the city became the second largest textile city of India, after Mumbai.
Cottonopolis is a name given to the city of Manchester, in England. Factors that helped the city become a textile centre Ahmedabad is situated in the heart of a cotton growing area; hence the major raw material is easily available.
The humid climate is ideal for spinning and weaving.
The flat terrain and easy availability of land is suitable for the establishment of the mills. The densely populated states of Gujarat and Maharashtra provide both skilled and semi-skilled labour. Well developed road and railway network permits easy transportation of textiles to different parts of the country, thus providing easy access to the market.
The Mumbai port which is situated nearby facilitates import of machinery and export of cotton textiles. Factors that helped in the development of textile industries in Osaka Extensive plains around Osaka were conducive for the growth of cotton mills. Warm humid climate of Osaka was well suited to spinning and weaving.
The river Yodo provided sufficient water for the mills.The U.S. textile industry is on sound footing. Between and , the industry suffered through a historic and heartbreaking contraction that impacted countless workers and communities.
The last six years, however, have been different. Emerging from the depths of a severe national recession, the. Cotton Textile Industry in India: Production, Growth and Development! Growth and Development: India held world monopoly in the manufacturing of cotton textiles for about 3, years from about B.C.
In the middle ages, Indian cotton textile products were in great demand in the Eastern and European markets. Textile industry in India The textile industry in India traditionally, after agriculture, is the only industry that has generated huge employment for both skilled and unskilled labour in textiles.
The textile industry continues to be the second-largest employment generating sector in India. This cotton textile industry is now in a position to meet the total demand for textiles in the home market and to leave a sufficient surplus for foreign export. The industry also contribute towards the total foreign income of our country and engage millions of people.
The cotton textile industry was responsible for a large part of the empire's international trade.
Bengal had a 25% share of the global textile trade in the early 18th century. Bengal cotton textiles were the most important manufactured goods in world trade in the 18th century. The textile industry is the world ’ s oldest branch of consumer goods manufacturing and covers the entire production chain of transforming natural and chemical fibers (such as cotton, wool, and oil) into end-user goods, including garments, household goods, and industrial textiles.