Etymology[ edit ] The word, brand, derives from its original and current meaning as a firebrand, a burning piece of wood.
Arduino 8 An Arduino is a piece of electronic hardware—a single-board microcontroller used to create basic hardware-to-software communication through circuitry control.
Developed by a team of inventors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos are widely used in computer programming. As an easy-to-use module, the device can be employed to test basic programming functionality or even operate a small robot. The Arduino is particularly practical for rapid prototyping.
Its design is distributed under the Creative Commons license and low-cost kits are available through a number of organizations. Behavior Change 9 Behavioral change is an ongoing process of replacing the ways we respond to our environment with newly acquired patterns of action. Behavior standards respond to social norms and needs; in an urban context, certain targeted behavior-al shifts can lead to important changes in urban interaction and design.
The key to large-scale urban improvement lies in the majority of the population adopting and maintaining more behaviors that produce small but incremental change for the common good.
These could include more responsible consumption and waste practices and greater conviviality and sharing. Through his programs, which explored the power of technology in cities, Lab Team member Carlo Ratti argued that sensing and actuating is a powerful transformative process that can lead to behavior change—the first step in large-scale transformation.
Bike Sharing 10 Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes for rent or temporary use in urban environments. Today, there are bike-sharing programs in cities around the world.
Bike-sharing systems typically involve customized bike design, docking stations, and an affordable membership fee to avoid theft and promote financial sustainability. Bike sharing provides free or low-cost transportation with no emissions.
The system was first employed in Amsterdam in when a fleet of bikes was painted white and distributed throughout the city. Other cities with bike-sharing programs include Berlin with two programs, started in and ParisBarcelonaand Londonamong others.
New York City will be launching one in the spring of In major cities around the world, the programs are typically sponsored by major corporations.
Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of biking experts to showcase a crosssection of the Berlin cycling community to discuss the challenges and opportunities of biking in cities. The Copenhagenize Index was developed in by Copenhagen Consulting as an index for measuring support of urban cycling in cities worldwide.
The index measures eighty major cities around the world based on specific criteria including bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing programs, perception of safety, and politics.
When these needs are met, cities experience an increase in cyclists, which has a positive effect on city livability and infrastructure.Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world.
Strategy-In-Action is highly systematic, but still manages to keep the human element at the core of strategy. It has helped us to unify our leadership team around one vision and one strategy. I strongly recommend this very helpful and worthwhile book to any CEO who needs to build alignment and an actionable strategy that mobilizes people across the company.
Publishing scientifically validated assessments in educational, clinical, corporate, public safety, government, pharmaceutical, and research settings. revealed negative correlations between maximization and happiness, optimism, self- esteem, and life satisfaction, and positive correlations between maximization and depression, perfectionism, and regret.
Measuring Happiness Levels in Mumbai: Methodology Methodology Happiness has been defined either as a broad notion of how one feels about their life in general or as an emotional or affective 8 Pages (3, Words) - Last Modified: 23rd March, The basic ground rule in wine making is keeping things clean and sterile.
This to ensure that the brew does not get contaminated with bacteria which may spoil the brew instead of allowing it to ferment.