The writings and ideas of John Calvin, a leader in the Reformation, gave rise to Protestantism and were pivotal to the Christian revolt.
Ina religious group with beliefs based on extremely conservative principles landed in New England. The Puritans had come to America so they could worship in the way they chose. As a result, their laws and lifestyles were based on Puritanism, making their culture unique among colonies of the time.
Puritan Government The Puritan system of government was a blend of theocracy and modern democracy. All members of the Puritan colony were required to attend church and to pay taxes to the church, but not all colonists were church members.
The colony also had codified laws that provided some basic rights, including the right to vote for elected officials, although this right was only granted to members of the church.
Although the Puritans were deeply religious, members of the clergy were not allowed to hold public office; however, the church worked closely with local government to ensure that all laws were adhered to. Puritan Laws The Puritans placed a high importance on morality and living lives that were free from sin.
As a result, the laws of the Massachusetts Bay Colony focused heavily on regulating the sexual practices of the colonists and ensuring that they kept the Sabbath and lived according to the Puritan moral code. Puritan law issued severe penalties for sexual misconduct activities that were perceived as unnatural or that took place outside marriage that included whipping, branding and, in extreme cases, execution.
Families The family was extremely important to Puritan culture. Single people were frowned upon, although single women had more legal freedom than married women did. Single women could own businesses and property, but when they married, they became legally indistinct from their husbands, a system known as coverture.
Children were seen as inherently sinful, and Puritan culture made it a priority to break a child's will through beatings and other punishment.
Life expectancy was short; remarriage was common and infant mortality was extremely high. Non-Puritans The Puritans traveled to the New World for religious freedom for themselves, but they did not tolerate the beliefs of others.
In addition to not being allowed to vote, non-Puritans were victimized in other ways. Inthe Puritans passed a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony under pain of death and executed several Quakers, most notably Mary Dyer, who was seen as a martyr for her faith.
Anne Hutchinson, a religious liberal, midwife, and vocal critic of Puritan ministers, was banished from the colony for holding religious meetings in her home and claiming that people did not need the clergy in order to communicate with God.The Puritans who first stepped off the Mayflower and landed in New England arrived with a perfect vision of what they believed their church would be like.
They left England for the reason that they didn’t agree on the principles of the Church of England. The Puritans founded their education system on religious principles I am not American by birth and I believe in Buddha, therefore I was not able to obtain adequate information about the Puritan society.
The Puritans founded their education system on religious principles.
I am not American by birth and I believe in Buddha, therefore I was not able to obtain adequate information about the Puritan society. However, based on the reading, it is evident that their early education was more focused on religious values and emphasized faith to God.
The Puritans believed that the Anglican Church, the state's religious institution of England, needed to be purified of the influence of the Catholic religious faith. Throughout the early s, the Puritans attempted to reform the Anglican Church with very limited success.
In , a religious group with beliefs based on extremely conservative principles landed in New England. They were known as Puritans, and with their leader, John Winthrop, they founded the .
Learning literacy was the focus within their societies irrespective of social classes, gender or age. Within the society it was believed that all Puritans should learn how to read and write in order to worship God better. Therefore, all members of the community sought to obtain at least a basic education to achieve this purpose.