Key elements of EBPH have been summarized 3 as the following: Engaging the community in assessment and decision making; Using data and information systems systematically; Making decisions on the basis of the best available peer-reviewed evidence both quantitative and qualitative ; Applying program planning frameworks often based in health behavior theory ; Conducting sound evaluation; and Disseminating what is learned. Data for community assessment As a first step in the EBPH process, a community assessment identifies the health and resource needs, concerns, values, and assets of a community.
What is a human rights-based approach?
A human rights-based approach is a conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting human rights.
It seeks to analyze inequalities which lie at the heart of development problems and redress discriminatory practices and unjust distributions of power that impede development progress. Equity cannot be effectively pursued outside of a human rights framework, just as human rights cannot be realised so long as inequity persists.
Achieving sustainable progress and results with regard to equity demands a human rights-based approach. The situation of deprived children, and the structural causes of exclusion and poverty, cannot be addressed without providing those children with a voice and space to participate in decisions affecting them.
Those with the power to shape lives must be accountable to the most deprived, if inequities are to be overcome. Discrimination must be identified, understood, and challenged to achieve equitable development for all children.
If progress towards equity is made without accompanying progress in other areas fundamental to human rights, it is likely that the gains will only be short-term. Investments in services for deprived regions or groups that are not accompanied by, and based upon, structural changes in governance and in the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of communities are at best fragile.
A common understanding was developed to ensure that UN agencies, funds and programmes apply a consistent Human Rights-Based Approach to common programming processes at global and regional levels, and especially at the country level in relation to the CCA and UNDAF.
What value does a human rights-based approach add to development? There are two main rationales for a human rights-based approach: In practice, the reason for pursuing a human rights-based approach is usually a blend of these two.
Can a human rights-based approach help to resolve conflicts between different stakeholders in development? While development is not a zero-sum game, all entitlements cannot be realized for all people at once. Clashes of interest are inevitable, and development actors can profoundly influence the pattern of winners and losers nationally.
Conflicts swept under the carpet and grievances ignored can be recipes for violent confrontation.
Conversely, and more positively, non-violent conflict can help create space for dialogue and generate impetus for social change.
What is the relationship between a human rights-based approach and gender mainstreaming? A human rights-based approach to development and gender mainstreaming are complementary and mutually reinforcing, and can be undertaken without conflict or duplication.
Gender mainstreaming calls for the integration of a gender perspective in development activities, with the ultimate goal of achieving gender equality.Increasing disease rates, limited funding, and the ever-growing scientific basis for intervention demand the use of proven strategies to improve population health.
Public health practitioners must be ready to implement an evidence-based approach in their work to meet . The objective of Guidelines on gender mainstreaming and a human rights-based approach (HRBA) is to provide a concise and compact guide for FAO REU / SEC staff to .
Community-based approaches and service delivery: Issues and options in difficult environments and partnerships F e b ru a ry 2 0 0 5 b y T o m S la y m a k e r a n d K a rin C h ris tia n s e n w ith Is a b e l H e m m in g their rights and hold leaders and service providers to .
The rights-based approach would be consistent with recognizing human rights, and the crime control approach would be consistent with: true The principle of double effect would justify a bombing that resulted in the death of civilians if the target was a legitimate military target.
Nine modules illustrate the evidence-based practice process for both individual and population-based approaches.
Continuing education credits are available for . Having looked at the rationale for using rights based approach it is important for this essay to discuss some of the debates which are existing in this field to clearly show the potentials and shortcomings of rights based approach.