Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Home Essays Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such a profound impact in the fields of politics, religion, and philosophy. Even to this day, their influence can be seen on the many matters of China.
Confucianism became the paramount school of thinking and later significant philosophies such as Daoism and Legalism gained immense recognition as well. Each party had their own proposals for creating an idealistic political society where the many problems they faced in their everyday lives could be eliminated.
All three approaches were very distinct but at the same time, they contained similarities as well. In my reasoning, I find that Confucianism and Daoism could be paralled in many ways to find several common grounds. On the other hand, Legalism goes on to take a more unique approach which was much different from the previous two.
Confucius was born in B. E, to a poor family of the lower nobility.
Throughout his life, he relentlessly tried to gain an office with a prominent ruler of the time who was willing to adopt his various concepts.
Unfortunately, Confucius died in B. However, he succeeded in winning over a handful of devote followers who continued his legacy and Confucianism later went on to become one of the most influential thought systems of Chinese history. Of his followers, Mencius and Xunzi became one of the most renown.
Since Confucius did not succeed in completing a manual of his views, these followers had to derive their own interpretations of the system, which now formulate, the Analects. The Analects portray an idealized gentleman, and his various duties in terms of the society, family and rituals.
Confucius explains about the way Dao which he believed, that if the people accepted its terms and were willing to abide, they would succeed in creating a utopian society. Daoism, just like the predecessor and also as the name implies, puts emphasis on the way that a certain individual is to abide to.
Even though the two systems had different concepts about the way, the common denominator of both schools was to achieve total harmony in society. Confucianism focuses mainly on social order while Daoism puts its central; focus on being one with the nature. If an individual can practice five things anywhere in the world, he is a man of humanity…reverence, generosity, truthfulness, diligence and kindness Ebrey Confucius gentleman has to possess these fine qualities to achieve success.
On the other side of the token, Daoism emphasized the need for similar entities. For minds, the depth is good. In social relations, human-heartedness is good.
In speaking, the trustworthiness is good. In government order is good Ebrey The third book in the Confucian canon. Literally, 'Education for Adults'. Written between BCE and BCE. The Doctrine Of The Mean (Chung Yung) Confucius *, tr.
James Legge  More mystical than the other Confucian classics, the date of composition of this text is unknown. Chu Hsi (), a major Neo-Confucian thinker, designated four texts as containing the central ideas of Confucian thought: two chapters from the Book of Rites, namely, the Great Learning, the Doctrine of the Mean; the Analects, and Mencius.
Spring and Autumn Annals: A historical writing of the State of Lu (Confucius' home state) which existed between BC- BC. The Four Books: Analects: Collective writings and sayings of the founder of Confucianism Confucius. The most followed and studied book through the religion. Chu Hsi (), a major Neo-Confucian thinker, designated four texts as containing the central ideas of Confucian thought: two chapters from the Book of Rites, namely, the Great Learning, the Doctrine of the Mean; the Analects, and Mencius.
Now, in Sacred Texts of the World, Study its principal sacred text, the Avesta, comprising books of hymns, myths, and religious regulations promoting holiness. confront the intriguing question of whether Confucianism is a religion or a philosophy.
Learn about the Confucian canon and how it became the foundation of Chinese state ideology. Dec 20, · Confucianism (rujiao) is a way of life taught by Confucius (Kong Fuzi) in China in the 6th-5th century BCE and the rituals and traditions associated with him.
Sometimes viewed as a philosophy, sometimes as a religion, Confucianism is perhaps best understood as an all-encompassing humanism that is compatible with other forms .